America's Destiny in the names of Manasseh's descendants
Is the history and future of the United States of America revealed in the names given to the descendants of the ancient patriarch Manasseh, eldest son of Joseph, who was to ultimately father much of the American people?
Joseph named his son Manasseh after he had been lifted from prison and named vizier of Egypt in the reign of Pharaoh Amenehmet III in the Twelfth Dynasty. Manasseh was born around 1690 BC.
Gen:41:50: And unto Joseph were born two sons before the years of famine came, which Asenath the daughter of Poti-pherah priest of On bare unto him.
Gen:41:51: And Joseph called the name of the firstborn Manasseh: For God, said he, hath made me forget all my toil, and all my father's house.
Gen:41:52: And the name of the second called he Ephraim: For God hath caused me to be fruitful in the land of my affliction.
The name Manasseh, means 'causing to forget', or 'forgetfulness'. God had caused Joseph to forget his sorrowful past. The American character, the Old South excepted [there is a lot of Ephraim there], is based upon the idea of rejecting the European past and creating a new future. Rejection of Europe is one of the cardinal tenets of Americanism
As Jacob/Israel was dying around 1665 BC, Manasseh, together with his brother younger Ephraim, was blessed by Jacob. The whole incident is very significant. In Gen 48.1-14 the dying Jacob prepares to bless Joseph's two sons who will become his the primary heirs to the promises of wealth and power given to Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob.
Gen:48:15: And he blessed Joseph, and said, God, before whom my fathers Abraham and Isaac did walk, the God which fed me all my life long unto this day,
Gen:48:16: The Angel which redeemed me from all evil, bless the lads; and let my name be named on them, and the name of my fathers Abraham and Isaac; and let them grow into a multitude in the midst of the earth.
The British Isles are located at the very center of the Land Hemisphere of the earth. That is, if one were to divide the surface of the globe into two equal parts, one of which would contain the maximum land possible, the center of that hemisphere would be in Britain. The sons of Joseph would grow together in Palestine and later Britain a before assuming a separate destiny after 1600.
Gen:48:17: And when Joseph saw that his father laid his right hand upon the head of Ephraim, it displeased him: and he held up his father's hand, to remove it from Ephraim's head unto Manasseh's head.
Gen:48:18: And Joseph said unto his father, Not so, my father: for this is the firstborn; put thy right hand upon his head.
One has the impression from this that Joseph had a preference for Manasseh and saw no reason why he shouldn't have the right hand laid on him …giving him preeeminence over Ephraim. God inspired Israel to lay it upon Ephraim instead:
Gen:48:19: And his father refused, and said, I know it, my son, I know it: he also shall become a people, and he also shall be great: but truly his younger brother shall be greater than he, and his seed shall become a multitude of nations.
Gen:48:20: And he blessed them that day, saying, In thee shall Israel bless, saying, God make thee as Ephraim and as Manasseh: and he set Ephraim before Manasseh.
Skeptics have always wondered why, if Ephraim was to be greater, the United States is now far greater than Britain. The prophecy appears to be ongoing, with Ephraim having the preeminence first and Manasseh obtaining it later on.
The name of Manasseh foreshadows a people that would be a great single nation, but one that would be more liberal, in the sense of being individualistic and free-thinking, than the nations to come from Ephraim. The name points to a time of blessing when these people would want to forget their Old World past and live in the present and future. They would receive their blessing jointly with the Ephraimites, but eventually overshadow them.
According to Yair Davidy :
'THE NAME "MENASSEH" IN HEBREW ENCAPSULATES THE MEANING OF NORTH AMERICAN DEMOCRACY!
'The Patriarch Joseph son of Israel had two sons, Ephraim and Menasseh, whose names testified to aspects of their national destiny: "And unto Joseph were born two sons before the years of famine came, which Asenath the daughter of Poti-phera priest of On bare unto him.
"And Joseph called the name of the firstborn Manasseh: For God has caused me to forget [Hebrew: `Nashani'] all my troubles and my father's family (Genesis 41;50-51).
The Hebrew word translated above as "forget" is derived from a root, "NOSHE", connoting "movement from its proper place": One forgets when something "slips one's mind", as if to say that whatever has been forgotten has moved from its proper place in the brain's retrieval system. Similarly, "And Jacob was left alone and there wrestled a man with him....... "And when he saw that he prevailed not against him, he touched the hollow of his thigh, and the hollow of Jacob's thigh was out of joint as he wrestled with him........ "Therefore the children of Israel eat not of the displaced nerve [Hebrew: "Gid HaNosheh")... (Genesis 32;24,25,32).
The sciatic nerve is called "Gid HaNoSHeh" meaning "the sinew that was displaced" (Genesis 32;33) when Jacob wrestled with the angel, and consequently (though victorious) limped away..By the same principle a creditor in Hebrew is called a "Nosheh" since what is rightfully his he has
moved out of his domain and placed in charge of another and may demand an accounting of his own. Women collectively are called in the Plural "NoSHim" [and not "Ishoth" as they should logically be] since communally their collective rights are delegated elsewhere, i.e. in their husbands upon whom they have a claim to be represented by them. It follows that any name derived from this root "NoSHeH" has several possible connotations including "forget", "move, or slip", "credit or oblige an accounting" (i.e. hold responsible), or be responsible to and "represent". It seems that the name Menasseh (derived from the root "NaSHeH") may be understood to mean "responsible representation" which is the type of Democratic Government the U.S.A. sometimes seems to base its whole being upon.
A linguistic analysis (freely translated) of the name "Manasseh" by Rabbi Samson Raphael Hirsch (1808-1888) extracted from his Commentary on the Book of Genesis serves as background to the above interpretation: [Genesis 41;51:`.."Forget" is not the only meaning of "Nosheh". "Nosheh" also means: to be the bearer of a claim, to be a creditor. [Genesis 32;33:]` "Nosheh" ...to have body or property in anothers trust.
Thus the "NoSHeH" (Creditor) has passed to another person part of his property and as a result he demands something from him.....a woman in the singular [Hebrew: "Ishah"] ...complements (her husband) and stands by his side as an equal. In the plural [i.e. in the plural name for women,
"NoSHim"], however, is revealed the communal status of woman, who surrenders some of her rights to the man and these rights are represented by him. Only in the mass, in the life of the general whole group, do women reveal themselves as weak and lacking resourcefulness. - Women, however, are "Noshim" (i.e. "creditors") with a claim [to be represented] on the husband who owes it to them' (S.R. Hirsch on Genesis 32;33).
The relevant verse regarding the name MENASSEH, Genesis 41;51, says: "And Joseph called the name of the firstborn Manasseh: For God has caused me to forget [Hebrew: `Nashani'] all my troubles and my father's family (Genesis 41;50-51).
S.R. Hirsch on the above states that "nashani" does not mean "forget" in case of the name "Menasseh" (Genesis 41;51 continued) but rather delegated representation: `The correct interpretation therefore of "Nashani" [from which the name "Menasseh is derived] is that God has made my tragedy and my [loss of] family credit claims. From that which till now appeared to be tragedy and torment God has made a tool to form my happiness. I am greatly obligated to
my tragedy and [loss of] family'.
In the light of the above observations and the Commentary of Rabbi S.R. Hirsch, the verse (Genesis 41;512) may be re-formulated and understood as
saying: "And he called the name of the firstborn Menasseh: for of all my troubles and [loss of] my father's family, God has made representative agents [Hebrew: "nashani"=] acting on my behalf and to whom I am obliged".
The name MENASSEH is therefore derivable from the root "Nosheh" as demonstrated in the above verse. A Creditor is a "nosheh" because he has a claim on somebody else; women are "noshim" ["nosh-im" = plural of "noshe"!] because as a group they have a claim on their husbands to represent their interests. Joseph named his firstborn "Menasseh" because (through God's agency) he "owed" his success to his personal troubles and loss which had become both his creditors and agents on his behalf. "MENASSEH" according to the above study actually means: "RESPONSIBLE REPRESENTATION OBLIGATING THE REPRESENTED"!
The U.S.A. was founded and dominated by descendants of Menasseh. Before the foundation of the U.S.A. North America was settled by migrants mainly from the British Isles. Friction developed between the British Government and the settlers who adopted the slogan: "No Taxation Without
Representation". In other words they demanded the application of those very principles embodied in the name "Menasseh" according to the above explanation!!
When these demands were not met, Revolution resulted and all those ("Loyalists") who were not prepared to fight against the "mother country" were driven out and moved to Canada. The Americans were prepared to kill or be killed and to engage in fratricidal strife all for the sake of an ideal which in Hebrew could be termed "MENASSEH"! After the War of Independence 13 colonies (representing 13 Tribes of Israel?) formed the U.S.A. It was proposed and seriously considered to adopt Hebrew as the national language and the Mosaic Code as obligatory Constitutional Law. A picture of the Israelites crossing the Red Sea was suggested as the National emblem. The Constitution of the United States of America laid the basis for Responsible Representative Government. Foreign observers are constantly surprised by the importance attached by Americans to their Constitution.
Whether something is right or wrong or whether or not it is "Constitutional" appear to be synonymous considerations to the American mind, as if the principle embodied in the name "Menasseh" is part of their very personal being!! Much of the U.S.A.'s foreign policy often seems dedicated ideally to encouraging forms of representative responsible government (resembling that of the U.S.A.) being adopted by others. Other countries are Democratic but only the U.S.A. makes Republican Democracy an expression of itself. Only the U.S.A. is Menasseh! The American Civil War was brought on by several factors including the issue of slavery but the immediate cause was over the Constitutional right claimed by some States to secede from the UNION.
Regardless of which side was or was not in the right, the victorious "Yankee" northern "Union" side believed it was fighting for the principle enunciated by Abraham Lincoln of: "Government of the people, by the people, and for the people". Another aspect of the name "Menasseh" according to the explanation of S.R.Hirsch was that through representation (in this case before God) Joseph had been enabled to turn his failure and deprived status into the basis of his later success: The American belief in equality of opportunity reflects this same principle. '
Manasseh gave birth to a son, whom he named Asriel. Asriel was born even while, it would seem, Joseph was still alive. He name meant 'I shall be prince of God' , and is related to Hebrew roots for 'advance', 'progress', 'set right', and 'call blessed'. Jewish tradition doesn't say much about Manasseh, except that he was very big and physically strong, and that Joseph, as vizier of Egypt, put him in charge of his administration. Manasseh was a CEO, albeit in the public sector. The name Manasseh gave to his firstborn shows a confident outlook, an optimism in the future, and a belief in progress and a God-ordained Manifest Destiny. It also hints that the Manassites would be idealists, dreamers like Joseph wanting to set the world right, a belief shared by the Puritans, the Founding Fathers, theAbolitionists, Lincoln, Woodrow Wilson, FDR, the Kennedys, LBJ, Ralph Nader, Jimmy Carter, and even Ronald Reagan.
Manasseh later in life seems to fallen on hard times. His first wife may have died and he married an Aramaic woman called 'Maacah' or 'oppression' . New rulers came to the Egyptian throne who did not remember Joseph and it is possible Manasseh began to see things turning for the worse if he lived to, say 1550 BC. He gave birth to a second son while Joseph was still alive called Machir, meaning 'sold, slavery, or salesman'. It is possible that by this time Manasseh could sense Israel was in for a hard time in Egypt.
The name America itself, from Amerigo Vespucci, could well ultimately be related, says Yair Davidy, to that of Machir:
'THE NAME MACHIR IS RECALLED IN THAT OF AMERICA!
The Phoenicians are believed to have visited AMERICA and named it -
"The Great North Country" and the Hebrew prophets predicted that in the end
time the Lost Ten Tribes would return from the "North Country" (e.g.
Isaiah 31;8) and they certainly were well acquainted with the
Phoenicians. The Vikings attempted to settle in North America and named
it "MARKLAND" which is believed to mean "Land of Darkness". Even so,
Maruk (a permutation of Machir) and Mark (in "Markland") are not
dissimilar. After the Vikings, the existence of America was realised by
people in Britain including fishermen from the port of Bristol. Richard
Ameryk, a Bristol merchant 1470's is now claimed to have maybe given
America its name. Ameryk was of Welsh ancestry and his family name
originally was "Ap-Meryk", possibly denoting "Son of Machir".
The more commonly accepted explanation is that the name "America" comes
from that of the Explorer, Amerigo Vespucci (1451-1512) also called
"America" and (after 1507) "America" is said to have been named in his
honor. At all events, the name Amerigo or "America" is similar to
Medieval appellations (Aimerico, etc.) for a Jewish Prince of southern
France whose proper Hebrew name (from which the Latinised appellations
were derived) was MACHIR.
The name in Hebrew was also given as "HaMachiri". The Hebrew version is
difficult for untrained westerners to pronounce (or even remember) and so
was rendered in Medieval Latin as "Americo" or "Amerigo"
and this name was later given to Amerigo Vespucci who gave his name to
the land of America.
It follows that the name AMERICA may well be understood to mean "Land of
Machir", son of Menasseh. The very name "Menasseh" in Hebrew (according
to the Commentary of Rabbi Shimshon Raphael Hirsch) can mean delegated
responsible representation and this is a fundamental aspect of the North
American character. The USA was created when its early settlers declared
"no taxation without representation" and fought against Britain for their
America was named after Machir, and Benyamin Turkia pointed out that
"Machir" in Hebrew can mean "selling" and the principles of Capitalism
and Free Enterprise have also become part of the American character.'
Machir's name is very important as well, for it prophesied that the future nation would one day be one of optimistic entrepeneurs. The chief business of Manasseh would be business. Machir seems to have reacted, as he grew up, to his father's lax moral behavior by marrying a Benjamite. Interestingly, liberal and conservative generations will sharply alternate in American history.
Machir gave birth to three sons: Peresh ['fertilizer'], Sheresh ['root'], and Gilead ['rocky region ']. These were born at Joseph's knee. Again, the names Machir gave them suggest a future of scraping out a living from barren soil. Centuries later, the Puritans would come to New England's rocky shores. They would be the 'root' of the American nation. Later, the sons of Manasseh would push far to the west into the Rocky Mountains.
Sheresh gave birth to Ulam and Rekem. 'Ulam' means 'silenced' or 'fettered' and that of his son Bedan signifies 'in judging'. Rekem means 'Their leader, 'passage way' and is related to the roots of 'needlework', 'embroiderer', 'skilfully woven', and 'mix colors'.
Do we have here allusions to the intolerance and witch trials of early New England, followed by a laterYankee migration westward through NewYork 's gateway. Are the names attached to Rekem a prediction of New England's textile industry.
It seems that only the descendants of Gilead grew to father the other Manassite clans other than those of Asriel. Gilead may have lapsed into immorality, and bore his first son, Jeezer, 'no help'. He possibly an adopted son borne by Hammolek, Gilead's sister. His name was changed to Abiezer and he went on to foster the great judge Gideon four generations later. The Abiezerites were wheat farmers who settled in western Manasseh. They were the most stigmatized of the Manassite clans. The Machirites were already giving birth to great military heroes. Gilead was a man of war and his descendants became rude frontier cowboys like Jepthah. Gideon, whose name mean 'hewer' was Israel's deliverer. He had to handle the Ephraimites tactfully. When Manasseh wished to make him king, Gideon refused. One can only think of George Washington and also President Dwight Eisenhower, whose name means, 'hewer of iron' who refused a third term as President.
Jeezer or 'no help' suggests a struggling fledgling America, Abiezer, my Father is help suggests God himself would come to their aid largely through the founding Fathers.
Gilead's next son was Helek, whose name means 'portion', 'divide, separate, and be smooth, slippery, and deceitful. Even as the generation of the Founding Fathers began to pass, Americans acquired and divided up the lands west of the Appalachians. This expansion, though, led to a Civil War between the Manassites of the north and the Southern states, many of whose people were of Ephraim. The aftermath of the Civil War witnessed the full enshrinement of corruption. Hence we have the Gilded Age of Jay Gould, Jim Fiske, Boss Tweed and others foreshadowed.
The next son of Gilead was Shemida, 'wise'. 'Shem', of course means fame, and glory. The US began to become a giant world power after the Civil War, overtaking Britain in population. The 'ida' is from 'yada', which can mean 'to know by experience'. Religious belief in America began to decline around the 1880's. In its place was a belief in evolution and Social Darwinism among intellectuals. The philosopher William James, who was evidently influenced by the occult, taught the philosophy of pragmatism. Morality was based not on absolute law but on human experience and deciding for yourself what is right and wrong. Shemida had four sons; Ahiram, 'brotherly or fraternal' , Shechem, 'shoulder', or 'early riser', Likhi, 'learning', and Aniam, 'I am the people' , or 'lament of the people'. These names hint at the rise of labor unions, ethnic labor, Shechem was a Canaanite city in which Abimlelech practiced ethnic and machine politics. Learning and education grew along with industry . The problems of industrialization eventually triggered the People's Party or Populist revolt among farmers in the early 1890's. The 'lament' may foreshadow the terrible depression of the 1890's.
Gliead's youngest son was called 'Hepher', or 'well', from 'to dig, search out, explore'. In at the turn of the century oil was discovered in Texas, and Henry Ford invented the Model T. America entered the auto age and mass consumption age. The name 'Hepher' has a dual meaning, and it can mean, 'to feel ashamed' or 'feel abashed'. Americans in the twentieth century would have great power, but, unlike other nations, often feel ashamed of it and guilt stricken.
Hepher gave birth to but one son, Zeleophead, whose name meant 'firstborn' or 'wound'. In World War I America emerged as the leading power on earth, but the slaughter of the Great War and the Great Depression would wound the American psyche. Zelepohead himself died, and left no sons, but had five daughters whom Moses permitted to become his heirs. This foreshadowed, among other things, the feminization of American society. Women were granted the vote in 1920.
The name of the first daughter, 'Malah', means 'sick', 'grieved', or 'sorry'. World War I unleashed a terrible influenza epidemic in 1918-1919 which killed thousands and left people disillusioned with idealistic causes. This was the time of the Lost Generation of the 1920's.
'Noah', means 'motion', 'totter', 'vagabond', 'cause to wander'. The United States since the1920's has been a mobile, restless society. People move constantly and do not settle in one place for long. In 1929, the stock market tottered and crashed, bringing the Great Depression and causing millions to wander looking for work.
Gideon and Abimelech, a Parable for Twentieth Century America ?
The history of the United States in many ways reminds one of that of Israel under the Judges. Two wonderful books by William Strauss and Neil Howe, Generations : The History of America's Future,1584 to 2069 (New York: William Morrow, 1991) and The Fourth Turning : An American Prophecy (NewYork: Broadway Books: 1996). They look at American history in terms of a cycle of generations. The cycle begins with a generation of idealists who try to change the world. They inspire and lead the great revolutions of American History. For example, the Puritan generation, led by Johanathan Winthrop, came to America in the 1630's to set up 'a shining city on a hill', a Bible Commonwealth. Their children of the Cavalier Generation were much more cynical and out to survive and make money. New England began to decline morally. In the 1670's, 1680's and 1690's New England faced near massacre by the Indian chief Metacom, suppression of her freedoms by the tyrannical governor Edmund Andros, and a war in the French in Quebec, inspired by Jesuit fervor, sought to crush the Protestant colonies. Many Puritans saw the judgment of God in New England's crisis. God raised up a series of deliverers who defeated the Indians, overthrew Andros in a dress rehearsal for the American Revolution and held the French at bay.
The cycle would repeat itself in the time of the American Revolution. TheAwakening Generation of the 1730's were religious revivalists but their children , the Liberty Generation, were drunkards, thieves and pirates. The crisis came with the American Revolution. God raised up GeorgeWashington and others as deliverers.
Again, in the nineteenth century, the Transcendental Generation of the 1830's were religious reformers and idealists. Their children of the Gilded Generation were immoral and cynical. During the crisis of the Civil War Abraham Lincoln emerged as prophet and America's greatest president.
The pattern is not unlike that in the Book of Judges. Israel would be moral for a time. Then, the next generation would depart from the values God had taught their fathers and embrace wrong ideas and practices. The nation would go into a crisis, involving defeat in war, economic hardship, drought, disease, and other punishments inflicted by God or by their own lifestyles. Israel, often warned by a prophet, would then cry out for deliverance and God would raise up a judge, or deliverer, who would lead them into war and deliver them by a miraculous victory. Israel would obey for a time, until another generation forgot, failed to learn from history, and repeated the cycle. Each time, Israel would become more degenerate and even when they repented, they would move farther away from the true religion.
Judg:2:10: And also all that generation were gathered unto their fathers: and there arose another generation after them, which knew not the LORD, nor yet the works which he had done for Israel.
Judg:2:11: And the children of Israel did evil in the sight of the LORD, and served Baalim:
Judg:2:12: And they forsook the LORD God of their fathers, which brought them out of the land of Egypt, and followed other gods, of the gods of the people that were round about them, and bowed themselves unto them, and provoked the LORD to anger.
Judg:2:13: And they forsook the LORD, and served Baal and Ashtaroth.
Judg:2:14: And the anger of the LORD was hot against Israel, and he delivered them into the hands of spoilers that spoiled them, and he sold them into the hands of their enemies round about, so that they could not any longer stand before their enemies.
Judg:2:15: Whithersoever they went out, the hand of the LORD was against them for evil, as the LORD had said, and as the LORD had sworn unto them: and they were greatly distressed.
Judg:2:16: Nevertheless the LORD raised up judges, which delivered them out of the hand of those that spoiled them.
Judg:2:17: And yet they would not hearken unto their judges, but they went a whoring after other gods, and bowed themselves unto them: they turned quickly out of the way which their fathers walked in, obeying the commandments of the LORD; but they did not so.
Judg:2:18: And when the LORD raised them up judges, then the LORD was with the judge, and delivered them out of the hand of their enemies all the days of the judge: for it repented the LORD because of their groanings by reason of them that oppressed them and vexed them.
Judg:2:19: And it came to pass, when the judge was dead, that they returned, and corrupted themselves more than their fathers, in following other gods to serve them, and to bow down unto them; they ceased not from their own doings, nor from their stubborn way.
The United States entered World War I in a very idealistic mood, wanting to 'make the world safe for democracy'. Germany was narrowly defeated in 1918 but Americans found the war a disillusioning experience and returned to isolationism. During the 1920's morals collapsed and business was enshrined as the new god. After the Scopes Trial many common people accepted evolution as a fact. Greed and dishonesty were rampant. The result was the crash of 1929 and the Great Depression. One out of every three Americans was out of work, drought, grasshoppers, and dust storms swept the Great Plains. Franklin Roosevelt, like Joseph and Manasseh in Egypt, was able to relieve some of the suffering with his New Deal, but he could not end the Depression. Adolf Hitler, meanwhile rearmed Germany, turned it into the most ferocious racist and pagan tyranny in history, and set off on a path of world conquest. He conquered most of Europe, including France and almost destroyed Britain and Russia. Japan, meanwhile, joined forces with Nazi Germany in waging war upon the United States. Between January and May of 1942 one Japanese victory after another frightened Americans. It is said that the churches were jammed in May of 1942.
Again, God would raise up a deliverer, a Kansas farm boy named Dwight D. Eisenhower. Ike's name is interesting, for Eisenhower means 'Hewer of Iron' in German. It is the same as that of the judge Gideon, whose name meant 'to hew down'. The story of Gideon is told in Judges 6 and 7.
The story of Gideon is followed by that of one of his sons, Abimelech. The name means 'My father was king'. After Gideon died, Abimelech, who was young and charismatic, began to politic. He wanted to be Israel's first king. The moral climate was again beginning to change.
Abimelech was Israel's first machine politician. He appealed to the ethnic vote in Shechem and bought votes and support through patronage. A portion of Manasseh elected him king, whereupon he slew his brothers. Abimelech was quite popular for three years, then his supporters began to turn against him. A brash, militant revolutionary named Gaal incited the Shechemites against their elected king , and civil war resulted. Gaal was defeated in a brutal battle, but Abimelech was assassinated. What we have here seems like a parable of the 1960's and early 1970's in America. At the end of the1950's the rather superficial religious revival that had begun in World War II was waning. A new generation would soon come of age that had only known affluence and questioned tradition and authority. Joseph P. Kennedy, a descendant of Brian Boru, wanted to be President but his isolationist views incurred the wrath of FDR. He then decided to make his sons President. In 1960 he made a deal with the Chicago Mob to stuff the ballot boxes, electing his son John F. Kennedy President. The Kennedys practiced ethnic machine politics and had a royal flair.
Kennedy, Johnson, and Nixon were three gifted but very corrupt Presidents. The public mood would turn against each of them and near civil war broke out under Johnson and Nixon. America's cities were in flames. Kennedy was murdered, Johnson and Nixon hounded from office. Richard Nixon, interestingly, was the most 'monarchical' of all. He was of the Davidic line. He triedto 'Europeanize' the Presidency. He took his governing style from Charles De Gaulle and his foreign policy, through Dr. Henry Kissinger, from Metternich and Bismarck. He had the Secret Service wear outlandish uniforms and set up a Palace Guard of loyalists led by H.R. Haldeman. Openly defying the law, he was driven from power by public wrath, Congress and the libertarian Barry Goldwater. It was the end of the 'Imperial Presidency' and even under Ronald Reagan the office did not fully recover its prestige.
Judg:9:55: And when the men of Israel saw that Abimelech was dead, they departed every man unto his place.
A new generation of Americans jettisoned the idealism and turned to the selfishness of the Me Decade. The family and traditional values continued to disintegrate.
The name of Zeleophead's next daughter , 'Hoglah' means 'partridge' or 'quail'. This is a bird that hatches the eggs of others. It flees at the first sense of danger and its children leave the nest early but still flock together with the mother. We have an image here of the postwar world where the economy is based on services and investing , not producing, and where America, after Vietnam, begins to back down before its adversaries. As well, the traditional extended family structure would be in danger as youth would leave the nest.
'Milcah', or 'queen' is again an allusion to the growing influence of gender and life style politics. From the late 1960's on abortion and other 'women's issues' would drive much of the political debate. The possibility of a female President is hinted at, possibly Hillary Rodham Clinton.
'Tirzah', the name of the youngest daughter, means 'favorable', 'pleasure' , or 'delight'. America since the 1970's has become a hedonistic, or pleasure-seeking society. This is less true with the Ephraimites of the South. Moral and family values, as well as those of community have disintegrated, and individualism is rampant. Looking Out for Number One became a bestseller in 1977. A majority of Americans are now pro-choice on abortion and even tolerate homosexuality.
What next? . Of course the Bible predicts an unprecedented time of trouble for modern Israel, including the United States . .In Jer:30:7 we read: Alas! for that day is great, so that none is like it: it is even the time of Jacob's trouble; but he shall be saved out of it.' This, interestingly is a view shared by Strauss and Howe: 'Just after the millennium, America will enter a new era that will culminate with a crisis comparable to theAmerican Revolution, the Civil War, the Great Depression, and World War II. The survival of the nation will almost certainly be at stake.' It is likely that this crisis will involve a major economic collapse and a serious ecological crisis. In the past God sent a Washington or a Lincoln. This time, we might have Hillary Clinton. The Bush/Cheney Administration is comparable in many ways to the Presidencies of the Gilded Age or the 1920's. Unabashedly pro-business, it is even beginning to tamper with Social Security. The welfare safety net is long gone, dismantled by Newt Gingrich with Clinton's help. An economic downturn will leave many destitute. Drought and floods aggravated by global warming will devastate large sections of the country. In these circumstances, national unity could well begin to unravel. In 2004 or 2008 John McCain could mount a third party candidacy recalling Teddy Roosevelt's Bull Moose party. The result, however, could well be the splitting of the Republican vote as in 1912 and the election of Hillary.
I have no doubt that Hillary Rodham Clinton has her eyes on the White House. If she were to be elected President, she would radically polarize the country. Hillary is a far more dogmatic liberal than her husband. In power, she would surround herself with people of her persuasion. Her radical agenda includes support for abortion on demand, childrens' rights, full equality for gays and lesbians, and government health care.
Isa:3:12: As for my people, children are their oppressors, and women rule over them. O my people, they which lead thee cause thee to err, and destroy the way of thy paths.
A Clinton Restoration coming on the heels of an ultraconservative Bush/Cheney Administration would galvanize the Religious Right more. Many hard-right fundamentalists, especially in the South, compare Hillary to Jezebel, as these sample quotes show:
'This world sees our women usurping authority over our leaders, is it any wonder why President Hillary is having such a ball in the White House. As with Ahab and Jezebel, Bill may be President, but Hillary runs the country.'…..'America has had a President and First Lady for two terms that is nothing less than a present day Ahab and Jezebel. Need we say more? They have had their questionable land deal, Hillary was even told by our military once to "go to the dogs," that "maybe they will take you." This was Jezebel's destiny - she went to the dogs (2 Kings 9:35-37). But most striking here is the undisputed fact that if it were not for Hillary, Bill Clinton would not be President. From the beginning, her decision to "stand by her man" has put and kept Bill in office. Hillary Clinton is a corrupt testimony of the great value that the bride affords to the body of Christ.' …..'The North has four dynasties, and lots of bad kings. None of these kings are as bad as Ahab, who is really just a puppet of his wife, Jezebel, a pre-incarnate Hillary.'….'Bill and Hillary are really a modern day Ahab and Jezebel. There are many parallels between these two couples that we cannot go into here.'…..'When I look at Clinton and Hillary I do see Ahab and his Jezebel, as servants of this godless new world order of Satanists.' ….'Bill and Hillary are our Ahab and Jezebel. Things are going to get worse for the United States.'
At best, Hillary is seen by the right wing as a socialist, at worst, many believe her to be a witch, a closet lesbian, a hater of Christians, a worshipper of the Earth Goddess, and a tool of an international conspiracy involving the Illuminati, the UN, international bankers, etc. A lot of this is likely nonsense, but the fact that many believe it might have serious consequences for the country.
Ezek:22:9: 'In thee are men that carry tales to shed blood: and in thee they eat upon the mountains: in the midst of thee they commit lewdness' .
It is true that Hillary is an admirer of Eleanor Roosevelt, and has had sessions with a NewAge faith healer called Jean Houston who once encouraged her to have an imaginary conversation with her mentor. Jean Houston, paradoxically, is a descendant of both Sam Houston and Robert E. Lee:
'I am from two very different ethnic groups, half Scot, half Sicilian. My mother's name is Maria Luciatti Serafini, and my father's Jack Houston. My mother was born in Siracusa, Sicily. My father was from an old Southern family, the Houstons of Texas, and Sam Houston was my great, great grandfather. Robert E. Lee was my great, great, great grandfather. I come from an old, old American family and from an immigrant family, too, and I embody all these cultures.'
She definitely has New Age ideas:
'Life has many purposes. The deep purpose for me is to be a minstrel. At this point in time, this day and age, my purpose is so overpowering that I wake up with it every morning, and it is very obvious. The earth is at the greatest period of crisis in history. We are being called to be co-creators. I don't think we can finally destroy our earth, but we can cause an awful lot of damage to her in the next ten or twenty thousand years. Earth may eventually shrug her shoulders and go back to normal. My purpose is to warn that we are neither prepared nor educated to be co-creators, co-transmitters of this planet. We're not living in the year 1845! Suddenly, we have been thrust into an immense responsibility, which I call "Type-One Civilization." My purpose is to learn as much as I can about what it means to be a world co-creator.'
'If I had been an abbess in a convent 500 years ago, my purpose would have been to create a harmonic realm to extol God and Nature and to find out as much as I could about God and Nature. I would have been a "Hildegarde of Bingen" type. That would have been a natural form for me. Now, my purpose is to extend the life of God/Goddess in the world; to be a Godseed in the world; to emphasize as much as we can the traits of serving, compassion, love, pleasure, while not avoiding pain or tragedy, because they are necessary complements to the former; to find meaning in, as well as patterns of connection between, all of us, even at times when society seems utterly leveled. Those levelings are part of a much larger story.'
Some of these ideas would be seen by many Christians as blasphemous:
'Our local humanity will always feel inadequate to the Godsoul it is housing. In Eastern religions, there's a level of maintaining a type of equanimity that we do not necessarily find in Western religions, not to the same extent, anyway. I think we have some great surprises in store for us. Jesus was really very cranky, to the end. That's why I don't object to that new movie, "The Last Temptation of Christ." The Buddha was far more eccentric than we are.'
Many on the Religious Right would fear a retribution from a Hillary Clinton administration possibly elected without a majority in a single Southern state. They remember Waco. In 1993 and 1994, the Clinton agenda was dictated by Hillary. It provoked the rise of Rush Limbaugh and the Gingrich Republican Revolution. The next time, it could trigger a Southern response that might be even more radical. In recent years a small but vocal movement has arisen in the South which seeks to not only rehabilitate but revive the Confederate States of America. While it repudiates slavery, it is very right wing and strongly religious in tone. It is represented mainly by the League of the South led by Dr. Michael Hill.
In 1999 the Southern nationalist movement organized a political party called the Southern Party. Its constititution begins: 'We, the People of the Southern States, with each state acting in its sovereign and independent character, in order to form a political compact between the Southern People, committed to Judeo-Christian principles, limited government, free trade and open markets in accordance with the will and well being of the Southern people, and invoking the favor and guidance of Almighty God, do hereby ordain and establish this constitution of the Southern Party.'
In essence, the New Confederates draw their inspiration from the Quebec and Scottish secessionist movements. They are, however, far more free market and right wing. Dr. Hill and his followers no longer believe that a true conservative Christian revival is possible within an 'American Empire' dominated by what they see as Yankee political correctness and multiculturalism. The South, descended from Ephraimites and Celtic tribal groups is and should be, they say, a nation apart.
According to Dr. Hill, 'America is only a geographical expression' and in this respect , 'American Southerners have much in common with the Scots and the Welsh in Britain, the Lombards and Sicilians in Italy and the Ukrainians in the defunct Soviet Union.' Southrons, as the New Confederates like to call themselves, are still maligned as rednecks despite their enormous contribution to American culture:
'What would American literature be without Mark Twain, Edgar Allan Poe, William Faulkner, Walker Percy and Eudora Welty? What sort of political system would our ancestors have given us, if George Washington, Thomas Jefferson and James Madison had decided to remain British? What kind of popular music could we listen to, if white "crackers" like Hank Williams and Merle Haggard and Southern blacks like Louis Armstrong and Ray Charles had been content with the bland commercial music churned out by Tin Pan Alley? The mind of the South remains distinctive, even today, if only for the tenacity with which its people hold onto their religious faith.'
Dr. Hill looks at what happened in Yugoslavia and says it could, and should, happen here as : 'a new group of Southerners is calling for nothing more revolutionary than home rule for the states established by the U.S. Constitution. The Southern League was founded in 1994 at a meeting of scholars, journalists and political activists in Tuscaloosa, Ala. Our members are pledged to seek the well-being and independence of the Southern people by every honorable means.' Clintonism is and will be the catalyst of a Confederate revival: 'National uniformity is being imposed by the political class that runs Washington, the economic class that owns Wall Street and the cultural class in charge of Hollywood and the Ivy League' for what had been a genuinely federal union 'has been turned into a multicultural, continental empire, ruled from Washington by federal agencies and under the thumb of the federal judiciary.'
'We believe', said Hill in 1995, 'it is time for the people of the Southern states to take control of their own governments, their own institutions, their own culture, their own communities and their own lives.' The New Confederates are strongly driven by evangelical religion: 'On a spiritual level, we take our stand squarely within the tradition of Christianity. This historic faith, though everywhere attacked by the hollow men of modernity, has always been central to the pursuit of personal honor, political liberty and human charity. Asking for only the religious freedoms guaranteed in the Bill of Rights, we oppose the government's campaign against our Christian traditions.' Southern culture and symbols must be preserved, he argues, and the right to fly the Confederate flag defended.
Most of Dixie's problems, implies Hill, are the result of meddlesome Yankee liberals:
'After so many decades of strife, black and white Southerners of good will should be left alone to work out their destinies, avoiding, before it is too late, the urban hell that has been created by the lawyers, social engineers and imperial bureaucrats who have grown rich on programs that have done nothing to help anyone but themselves.'
Southerners, he asserts, need to be proud of their identity:
'Southerners respect the rights of all Americans in every region to preserve their authentic cultural traditions and demand the same respect from others. For too long, Northern intellectuals have tried to control Southern culture and to northernise our schools and universities. They and their Southern allies have rewritten history and imposed their mythology upon generations of students, who have come to believe that their ancestors were uniquely guilty in the annals of inhumanity, that their region is -- in the graphic phrase of one brainwashed Southerner -- "the nation's armpit." This is not scholarship but propaganda.'
The solution, say the militants of the Southern Party, is nothing less than reversing the verdict of 1865:
'Ever since Appomattox, we have never experienced true liberty or true freedom in the way that pre-1865 Americans did. We are so grateful to the right-wing revolutionaries in Congress whenever they grant us the right to keep another 1% of the money which we earned by the sweat of our brow. Since Appomattox, the union and the government have become divine in the eyes of Americans. An idol has replaced Yahweh, one which does not have the same powers as I AM, but holds the power of our pay-check. We shall only experience real God-given liberty when, as a nation and people, we repent of our errors, not just back to the 1960s, but to the 1860s. May the day of our repentance come soon!'
David P. Henreckson, Dixie Net Gazette.
Hillary, moreover, is the figure they believe can move their party from the fringe to the mainstream, if she ever attains the White House. According to one Southern party leader:
'If Strauss and Howe are right, then in the next few years (possibly around 2004 but it could be sooner) an event will occur that will send shock waves through the country. ….' All major crises in US history greatly expanded Federal power, a future crisis would prompt Hillary to do so even more.
'This is something we better notice now. Otherwise we could wake up in the Crisis and find our identity as a sovereign Constitutional Republic gone. Here is yet another Crisis scenario: a sudden Federal Government crackdown, with the full backing of the supranational elites. Imagine what happened to Elian Gonzalez' relatives happening all over the country, all at once! A deadly struggle could ensue between those who want freedom and those who identify with the growing supranationalist megastate.
This fight, of course, is already brewing. On one side of the fence, we are seeing the increasing Federalization of police forces, and an increased Federal involvement in almost every aspect of our lives. Our current "public school" system had already become a haven for moral relativists and statists; it is becoming one for supranationalist propaganda in the guise of creating "global citizens." On the other side are, for example, homeschoolers consisting of Christians and freedom-lovers generally who are speaking against the government school system with their feet. These and many others have taken to the Internet as the dominant alternative to a national print media they regard as controlled by powerful interests taking us closer to global government every year. There is a good deal of paranoia. Much of it is probably justified. Were the megastate to form in a Crisis, and continue late-1990s tendencies toward employee databases and biometrically encoded national ID cards, it would have at its disposal a technology making it very difficult to oppose. Those in power could make it almost impossible for their opponents to earn a living legally-assuming they could maintain control of the rank and file.'
The vast expansion of Federal Power in the service of a radical cultural agenda would, the Southern Party hopes, convince many that only secession could preserve family values, free enterprise, and limited government.
Last year Hill wrote: 'In a recent editorial, syndicated columnist Walter Williams observed that there are basically two sorts of folks in America today: those who wish to be left alone and those who wish to tell everyone else how to live. Putting aside the real natures of the Democrat and Republican parties (they both are secular, centralizing organizations who see salvation in power politics), the Bush voters generally fall into the first category and the Gore supporters into the second. Moreover, the Bush constituency is mainly made up of white European stock that favors gun ownership, Christian morality, less government, fewer programs for minority "victim" groups, and a strict interpretation of the Constitution. The Gore constituency –the elites and their various minority clients—favor gun control, big government, more programs, high taxes, the normalization of deviant behavior, a secular notion of human rights, and a very loose construction of a living and evolving Constitution. In other words, they are polar opposites in many respects. There is no room for compromise. Would not a friendly separation now be preferable to a bloody conflict later? It is past time that Merle and Madonna part company.'
If Quebec and Scotland succeeded, it would provide further inspiration. At some point in the future a charismatic and credible leader will take up the cause of Southern nationalism. Pat Buchanan and Trent Lott have, in the past, written for Southern nationalist magazines. The ideal leader, however, might be someone such as Dick Armey or Attorney General John Ashcroft , who is intensely religious and fiercely conservative and who once gave an interview to Southern Partisan magazine.
According to the Southern Party writer:
'Culturally, though, the United States is not coming together. Its regions are gradually drifting apart. If the supranational elites cannot maintain control over the rank and file, the coming Fourth Turning could be the scene of a national breakup that would provide the best opportunity ever for creating a genuine Southron Republic. Even those who reject such thinking must acknowledge that there is no guarantee that what we now call "the United States" will survive the next Crisis intact.'
Such a scenario could create the breakup of the another particularly if it came in conjunction with social unrest in Mexico spilling over into an increasingly Hispanized American Southwest. American blacks would not wish to be part of a new Confederacy. Feelings in the North could become radicalized as well, for the Northeast and the Midwest have their own radical fringe. The North, too, has its rightist radicals despite its liberal exterior. There are the militia groups in the Midwest and Far West, some of which are openly neo-Nazi. The most interesting, however, is the US Labor Party of Lyndon H. LaRouche, Jr. La Rouche does not mimic Nazism. His ideology, which some have even called 'fascist', is definitely home-grown and heavily Catholic in content. What is significant is that La Rouche and his followers return the Yankee-hatred of the New Confederates….with interest. If Hill loathes Yankees in the tradition of Stonewall Jackson, LaRouche loathes the South in the tradition of General Sherman.
The New Confederates have always been men of the right who hate Big Government. La Rouche sees Big Government as a means of keeping America strong. As far right as he is, La Rouche is a self-proclaimed FDR Democrat who wants another New Deal. His heroes include Washington and the Federalists, Henry Clay and the founders of the American System, Lincoln, and, of course, FDR. La Rouche has even strongly defended Bill and Hillary Clinton from their Southern Republican detractors:
'There is no deal the President could accept, even by offering to resign, which would prevent that Confederate lynch-mob from tearing him--and his wife, too--limb from limb, deal or no deal. This is a lynch mob, filled with murderous, wild-eyed hatred. This is a lynch mob, which, once whipped up, will never quit until either they are dispersed, or Bill Clinton is dead and his family broken and ruined. Those of you who know the traditions of the Confederacy, know what these guys are like, when they did not get their way. The killing then just goes on and on.'
La Rouchians view American history as a struggle for freedom against a sinister conspiracy of British oligarchs that still goes on today. Alexander Hamilton wanted to build a strong country; Southerners like Thomas Jefferson wanted to weaken it. The Confederacy was a British tool to divide and destroy the American Republic and Southern Republicans of today, Newt Gingrich, Dick Armey, Tom Delay, and John Ashcroft, are still at it…as supposed British agents. If Michael Hill blames Yankee do-goodism for ruining the country LaRouche blames the Southern slaveowners' mentality that, in its latest limited government, free market version still seeks to weaken and exploit Americans:
'We are now the most immoral, most degenerate United States we've been in our entire history. And that has been the increasing trend of the past 30 years, especially the past quarter-century. We're now again, because of the foolishness--not simply because of Wall Street. Yes, the Wall Street crowd and the British have done this to us. The new Confederacy coming out of the Southern states and elsewhere has done this to us. '
The South, says LaRouche, is turning the whole nation into a giant sweatshop:
'The wealth has moved out of the Northern states, and moved down into what was, at one time, the Confederacy. And, out of the Confederacy, the Southern Strategy, the racist policy of the Republican Party, augmented by the racist policy brought in with Jimmy Carter, and his type, and the so-called Boll Weevils, in the late-1970s, has destroyed the United States. And it has created a new concentration of wealth, centered in the states which used to be the heart of the Confederacy. Racism reigns. A return to neo-Confederacy reigns. The rust belt rusts, and nothing good is built in the area of the new Confederacy--just things, like these glorified tarpaper shacks, which burgeon on the hills around here, to house the people, who came in like the incoming tide, and are going out like a stinking disaster.'
The idea of the United States breaking up like Canada might seems far fetched, but Bible prophecy and the lessons of history indicate it could very possibly happen sometime within the next 15-30 years. Compared to Canada we have had a much more violent history. Our breakup could be much more traumatic, like the breakup of Yugoslavia or the Soviet Union, or our own Civil War.
A recent book, privately published by a Croatian immigrant, Thomas Chittum, Civil War Two: The Coming Breakup of America, (Show Low, AZ: American Eagle Publications 1996) warns that what happened in Yugoslavia could happen here. Professor Martin Van Creveld of Hebrew University in Jerusalem points out that the United States is a multiethnic society with a long tradition of violence. What now holds the country together is economic prosperity. Take that away and tensions between blacks, whites and Latinos could escalate into a civil war. This concern is shared by people on both the left and the right. On one end of the spectrum, right-wing populist Pat Buchanan feels that, 'it is clear that America is headed towards Balkanization' (Chittum, 113-114).
This is not just a concern of right-wingers or nativists. Gore Vidal is an outspoken liberal, who fears that 'something on the order of the ethnic rebellions in the Soviet Union' could happen here. (The Decline and Fall of the American Empire, 1992, pp. 50, 57, in Chittum , p. 113). William Lind in the liberal Washington Post feels we entered the opening stages of a Second Civil War even as we celebrated the centennial of the first one in the 1960's:
'It's funny how clearly the American century is marked: 1865 to 1965. The first Civil War made us one nation. After 1965 and another war, we disunited-deconstructed-with equal speed into blacks, whites, Hispanics, women, gays, victims, oppressors, left-handed albinos; you name it. In three decades we covered the distance that had taken Rome three centuries to cover.' (William Lind, 'Militant Musings, The Washington Post, April 30, 1995, in Chittum, p.115).
What was once unthinkable is now being discussed, and not only by black and white separatists. John Powers of the Boston Globe, November 12, 1995 warns 'Is the United States destined to come apart as the Soviet Union did, fracturing into dozens of rival sociocultural and political enclaves?' (Chittum, p. 119). According to Charles Krauthammer in Time, November 13, 1995: "America is proceeding blithely down the path of diversity and ethnic separatism. America's destination, however, is not Canada, which will find some civil way out of its dilemma. America's destination is the Balkans.' (Chittum, p. 120). Robert Kaplan, author of The Coming Anarchy, feels 'it is not clear that the United States will survive the next century in exactly its present form .'(Chittum, p. 121).
Was the Civil War of 1861-1865 but a type of another, more ferocious conflict in which the forces of the Federal Government and a new Confederacy battle it out with missiles, tanks, and planes from Texas to Virginia? The devastation and impact upon the economy would be enormous, not to mention the tribal and racial and hatreds that would be unleashed. Could it happen here? How would such a divided country stand up against a European threat?
Yair Davidy thinks Isaiah 9:21 can apply to a civil war between the northern and southern United States:
'[ISA 9:21] MANASSEH EPHRAIM, AND EPHRAIM MANASSEH, AND TOGETHER THEY ARE AGAINST JUDAH. FOR ALL THIS HIS ANGER IS NOT TURNED AWAY AND HIS HAND IS STRETCHED OUT STILL. 'MANASSEH EPHRAIM, AND EPHRAIM MANASSEH, AND TOGETHER THEY ARE AGAINST JUDAH' This is on one hand a parable using familiar names for how people act (or will act) on an individual level. On the other hand it says that Menasseh (USA?) and Ephraim (Britain & Co) or the Menasseh section of the USA versus the Ephraim section (?). In the American Civil War the Confederates were almost de facto allies of Britain against the North. Was this Menasseh versus Ephraim? '
We know, of course from the Bible that the repentance and ultimate deliverance of Manasseh-Israel and Ephraim as well will next time comefrom the return of JesusChrist . Remember, David the King typed the Messiah. In view of this, it seems that the names of those Manassites I Chronicles12.20 foreshadow the repentance and restoration of thenation. Adnah, 'pleasure' indicates the present state of a rebellious people; Jozabad, 'God has endowed' , that God still has a purpose for His people; Jediael, 'God makes known' , that God has warned and will make known their purpose and identity in tribulation; Michael, 'Who is like God', that Americans in their worst crisis will recognizethetrueGod; Elihu, 'He is my God' , that they will repent and be restored; and Zilthai, 'dark' , that deliverance will certainly include African and other non-Manassite Americans.
The leaders of Manasseh under David's rule were Iddo 'timely' and lovely' , son of Zechariah 'God remembers' over the Gileadites and Joel, 'TheEternal is God', son of Pedaiah 'TheEternal has Ransomed' over the Asrielite Manassites. These names look forward to America's blessed state in the Millennium.